September 7, 2014 by Paul Goldsmith
Of the people I know, it is only those who have already made it to the top or those who were born into privilege and grew up with a massive margin for error who still believe that social mobility is still alive in the UK. The ability to move between social classes, such a feature of post-war Britain, has ground almost to a halt. The finger of blame points to our education system, and in particular the “closed-shop” of private school pupils going to Oxbridge, getting the best jobs then hiring people with a similar background.
According to the Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission, only 7% of members of the public attended a private school. But 71% of senior judges, 62% of senior officers in the armed forces, 55% of permanent secretaries in Whitehall, 53% of senior diplomats, 50% of members of the House of Lords and 45% of public body chairs did so. So too did 44% of people on the Sunday Times Rich List, 43% of newspaper columnists, 36% of cabinet ministers, 33% of MPs, 26% of BBC executives and 22% of shadow cabinet ministers.
In terms of Oxbridge graduates; three in four senior judges, 59 per cent of the Cabinet, 57 per cent of permanent secretaries, 50 per cent of diplomats, 47 per cent of newspaper columnists, 33 per cent of the Shadow Cabinet and 24 per cent of MPs went to Oxford or Cambridge University
The Chair of the Commission, former Labour Cabinet Minister Alan Milburn, said that this situation was unacceptable because “locking out a diversity of talents and experiences makes Britain’s leading institutions less informed, less representative and, ultimately, less credible than they should be”. He went on to explain that “Where institutions rely on too narrow a range of people from too narrow a range of backgrounds with too narrow a range of experiences, they risk behaving in ways and focusing on issues that are of salience only to a minority but not the majority in society.”
The Commission went on to make some recommendations. They included the following:
– the Government to lead by example by opening up top public sector jobs to a much wider pool
– employers to end unpaid internships and bring in “university-blind” applications so they do not know where people were educated
– universities to use “contextual admissions” to take account of an applicant’s background
– schools to redouble efforts to close the attainment gap between advantaged and disadvantaged pupils.
Now, I am all for social mobility. But it has to be achieved by offering opportunities to the disadvantaged to succeed, by ‘levelling up’ not ‘levelling down’. Read those recommendations again. “University-blind” applications so they don’t know where people were educated? Really? Are we really going to downgrade academic excellence in favour of social engineering to such an extent? Let me ask you that question another way…if someone in your family is about to have a brain operation, do you want them operated on by the best person? Or does social background matter more? What do you think?
I am justifiably proud to teach at a school which has 10% of its pupils on bursaries that are mostly 100% of fees and at least 75%. I am even more proud of our aim to offer bursaries to 25% of our pupils in 10 years. I know that if all private schools had the same focus on scholarships, we could make a difference to so many disadvantaged pupils.
Given that attempts, ranging from grammar schools, to setting, to some of Michael Gove’s reforms, to give similar opportunities to bright pupils from the poorest of social backgrounds have been resisted for a variety of reasons, it seems that the chances of state schools closing the attainment gap between pupils from advantaged and disadvantaged backgrounds by levelling up are light. This is the real shame.
Ending unpaid internships will nibble around the edges, and I will write about that further in a future blog, but the answer to social mobility lies in two places. End the causes of extreme poverty, because however good schools are you can’t learn if you are hungry. But more importantly don’t put the winning of an election above the difficult challenge of reforming the education system to help all pupils begin to receive the type of education private school pupils receive. Sadly, neither look likely under our current political culture.